Bhongir, Bhongiri or Bhuvanagiri is a town and municipality in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India. It is located in the of (Telangana region and Nalgonda district of the state. It is 48 km from the state capital, Hyderabad. Bhongir is famous for its fort, which became prominent during the rule of the Kakatiyas.
The Fort was built on an isolated monolithic rock by the Western Chalukya ruler Tri-bhuvana-malla Vikram-aditya VI and was named after him as Tribhuvanagiri. This name gradually became Bhuvanagiri and subsequently Bhongir.
Forts made of rock never crumble away. Bhongir is a small rock fort perched on a massive dome of granite in A.P.State, India. In medieval times a strategically located fort could easily dominate the surrounding countryside. Firearms and cannon were still in the future, sometime in the 10th century, when a huge dome of massive granite rock with sheer sides was made into a fortress. The rock of Bhongir juts out of the landscape some 50 km from Hyderabad, the capital of Andhra Pradesh state in India. Way back in the 10th century the area was well forested on all sides.
The ancient Buddhist trade route across the peninsula passed by Bhongir rock. A king named Tribhuvana Chalukya built the fort of Bhuvana giri (Bhuvana’s hill ) on the rock in the 11th century a.d. This became Bhongir. He built a stone wall which is still standing, and laid steps through heavy archways and gates right to the top. A deep gash in the rock was dammed up at several places, thus creating a series of reservoirs collecting rain water. Lotuses still grow in the pools today. Crumbling stucco ruins of a later age still stand, while old Kannada and Telugu inscriptions vividly bring to light the daily life of the people of long ago. (Mostly bureaucratic stuff, extremely familiar to Indians today too). The Chalukya style of sculpture is distinctive, and was further refined by their successors, the Kakatiyas. At Bhongir they have left some stray relief sculptures and inscriptions.
Bhongir is approximately 60 Kms from Hyderabad, situated just off NH 202 (Warangal highway). You will cross Ghatkesar and Bibinagar enroute. The Bhongir fort is visible from the highway. The locals will be more than helpful to guide you to the entrance of the fort.
Air: The closest airport to Bhongir is Rajiv Gandhi International Airport, Hyderabad (HYD)which is at a distance of 60 km HYD is well connected to major cities in India and around the world and linked by domestic and international airlines. Rail: The nearest major railway station to the town on Bhongir is the Hyderabad Railway Station.